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Published Jun 20, 2022

We all know that some amount of cleanup is unavoidable after atmospheric firings. At the least, there are always some remnants of wadding that need to be sanded off. But I would argue it is necessary to clean up pots after all firings to make work as polished and professional as possible. 

So today, in an excerpt from the June/July/August 2022 issue of Ceramics Monthly, I am sharing Neil Celani’s tips for cleaning up his low-fire soda pots. Even if you don't soda fire, these clean up tips will help you get your pots ready for market! - Jennifer Poellot Harnetty, editor

PS. To see more clean-up tips from Neil, check out the full article in the June/July/August 2022 issue of Ceramics Monthly.


The many benefits of soda firing at low temperatures attracted me to this firing range. For one, there is less wear-and-tear on the kiln and kiln furniture. Less build up of soda glaze means less cleanup, which inevitably deteriorates the kiln with the constant grinding and scraping required for maintenance after each firing. This fact also applies to the pots themselves. I find the cleanup to be much less laborious with low-temperature soda work than my experience with cone-10 soda work. I have spent countless hours grinding and sanding work out of the cone-10 soda kiln. The thick soda glaze that deposits on the work is gorgeous, but is an absolute pain to grind off of areas where it is undesirable.

My experience with cleaning up soda-fired earthenware work has been a different story. Note: Always wear a properly fitted respirator and safety glasses while sanding and grinding (1). Nearly every pot that comes out of a low-fire soda kiln needs a minimal amount of post-firing cleanup: wads usually fall off right out of the kiln and the slipped, raw clay, or terra-sigillata surfaces need a quick, light sanding with sandpaper ranging from 120 to 400 grit. I use different types of sandpaper. Wet/dry sandpaper is one of my go-to standards, and ultra flexible, film-backed sandpaper is long lasting, extremely useful, and can be easily wrapped around a finger to sand places like the inside of a handle (2) or around all those hard-to-reach nooks and crannies. 

1 Tools for cleaning up fired works. Clockwise from top left: respirator, grinding bits for a rotary tool, rotary tool, cut section of a belt-sander belt, sandpaper, and safety glasses. 2 Sanding the surfaces of a fired mug to soften edges and enhance tactile appeal.

I also cut apart belt sander belts as the fabric backing outlasts the abrasive grit and prevents having to deal with inevitable crumpled and torn scraps of paper-backed sandpaper. Start with the coarsest grit and progressively work up to the finer grit in order to achieve a buttery smooth clay surface. I use my hands as guides while sanding by continually feeling around the pot for burrs or rough spots that need sanding.

Handles, lip rims, and feet are very important to pay close attention to when cleaning up a pot after firing. Care must be taken when sanding to not strip away the surface of the pot too much—the coarser the grit, the more likely it is to visibly scratch the surface (3, 4). Diamond pads are an abrasive option that can work well in some instances but can quickly mar the surface if extreme care is not taken. Diamond pads are used with water and can be found in 60 to 3000 grit.

3 Vessel with a drip caused by soda and silicon carbide from kiln shelf, awaiting cleanup. 4 Vessel with the drip cleaned using various sanding tools.

the author Neil Celani contributed this excerpt to Justin Rothshank’s book, Low-Fire Soda, published by the American Ceramic Society and available in the Ceramic Arts Network Shop