Many of us have had this experience: You’re at a show, selling your work, drinking out of one of your cups (because what else would you be drinking out of?), and a customer, not knowing that your cup was in use, picks it up, and dumps out your drink. Why? Because when people are looking at a pot, one of the first things they do is turn it over and check out the bottom. The bottom of the pot is important for more than strength and durability, it should also be well-finished and aesthetically pleasing.
As a handbuilder, I had been making pots with flat bottoms, and dressing them up with texture, glaze, and my carved signature, but was longing for the lift and possibility for a curved floor that wheel throwers can get so easily with a trimmed foot ring. My meticulous nature wouldn’t allow me to simply add a coil, so I returned to the wheel to make a more precise tool that would allow me to make and attach a very tidy foot ring to the bottom of a pot made with a textured slab. I call them foot-ring pukis after the curved bowl or gourd that Native Americans used to start building their curved-bottom coil pots.
Throwing a Puki
Foot-ring pukis are very easy to make with the most basic of throwing skills. For a cup-sized puki, center a two-pound ball of clay on a bat (1), shape it, and put the curve in it that you want for the floor of the pots you plan to make (2). Leave it attached to the bat and let it dry to a trimmable, leather-hard state (3). Then, create the valley in the puki that allows you to form the foot ring (4, 5). Cut the puki off the bat, let it dry, and bisque fire it. Now you have a tool that you can re-use over and over to put a tidy foot ring on the bottom of a handbuilt pot.
Using the Puki
Start by adding a coil of clay into the valley (6). Scrape the outside edges of the coil back to the edge of the puki, leaving a peak in the center, all the way around (7). The peak will aid in the attachment of the coil to the base of the pot. Score and add slip to the coil, then position a round, cut slab (textured if you desire) onto the puki and press lightly to attach it to the coil (8), being careful not to eradicate the texture. This slab forms the floor of the pot.
Now, turn the puki over and tap the floor until the foot releases onto your fingertips (9). Place this base on the bottom of your pot, then blend the foot ring in to get a good attachment (10). Next, replace the puki upside down on the bottom of the pot, and flip the pot back over while it’s on the puki. Leave the puki in place while you blend in the interior coil and shape the pot without distorting the foot or the texture (11). Then, flip the pot back over, remove the puki, flip back to upright, and finish the pot (12).
Foot-ring pukis can be made in any size to fit large and small diameter pots and can be designed with the specific curve that you need for the bottoms of the pots you want to make.
Annie Chrietzberg is a ceramic artist dedicated to making beautiful and durable tableware with her own glaze palette. She teaches workshops and classes all over the country and online, which are listed on her website www.earthtoannie.com. Annie is currently located in Bend, Oregon.
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Click here to read the archive article Ewer Bizarre by Annie Chrietzberg, this article was originally in the March/April 2007 issue.